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Major Internet Companies as News Editors

August 15, 2018

As part of its ongoing Trust, Media and Democracy initiative, the John S. and James L.Knight Foundation partnered with Gallup to ask a representative sample of U.S. adults for their views on the news editorial functions played by major internet companies. 

Distinguishing Between Factual and Opinion Statements in the News

June 18, 2018

In today's fast-paced and complex information environment, news consumers must make rapid-fire judgments about how to internalize news-related statements – statements that often come in snippets and through pathways that provide little context. A new Pew Research Center survey of 5,035 U.S. adults examines a basic step in that process: whether members of the public can recognize news as factual – something that's capable of being proved or disproved by objective evidence – or as an opinion that reflects the beliefs and values of whoever expressed it.

American Views: Trust, Media and Democracy

January 16, 2018

Technological advances have made it easier for Americans to connect with each other and to find information, including details about the major issues facing the country. But those advances present both challenges and opportunities for individuals and U.S. institutions. Not only is more information readily available, but so is more misinformation, and many consumers may not be able to easily discern the difference between the two.Amid the changing informational landscape, media trust in the U.S. has been eroding, making it harder for the news media to fulfill their democratic responsibilities of informing the public and holding government leaders accountable. Results of the 2017 Gallup/Knight Foundation Survey on Trust, Media and Democracy show that most Americans believe it is now harder to be well-informed and to determine which news is accurate. They increasingly perceive the media as biased and struggle to identify objective news sources. They believe the media continue to have a critical role in our democracy but are not very positive about how the media are fulfilling that role.The research reported here is based on a nationally representative mail survey of more than 19,000 U.S. adults aged 18 and older. This project received support from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Open Society Foundations.

Journalism, News, and Information

Harnessing Documentaries for Social Change

November 1, 2015

This guide from the Citizen Engagement Lab is designed to help advocates and nonprofit organizations collaborate with documentary filmmakers to advance their causes and increase impact. It includes case studies, key strategies and tactics, and a companion FAQ to help advocates think through their own unique impact goals and methods.

Learning to Fish: How The Challenge Fund for Journalism Helped a Set of Nonprofit Media Organizations Strengthen Their Capacity to Generate Revenues

June 7, 2012

Evaluates the CFJ initiative to support nonprofit journalism organizations, including its achievements, sustainability, successful strategies, and how the program design and selection process shaped results. Includes lessons learned and two case studies.

Journalism, News, and Information

Broadband at the Speed of Light: How Three Communities Built Next-Generation Networks

April 1, 2012

The United States has made progress in recognizing that high-capacity broadband infrastructure is a critical and necessary component of a community's economic well-being and quality of life. Much still remains to be done, however, to turn this recognition into the reality of smart and connected communities across the nation.Local governments everywhere want their communities to have affordable access to robust broadband infrastructure, just as local governments a century ago wanted their communities to have affordable access to reliable electric power. Then, with the private sector unable to electrify America everywhere at the same time, more than 3300 communities stepped forward to develop their own public power systems. Those that did generally survived and thrived, while many that waited for the private sector to get around to them did not. Now, a growing number of communities believe that history is repeating itself in the broadband area, that if their businesses and residents are to succeed in an increasingly competitive information-based global economy, they must again take their futures into their own hands. Not surprisingly, as the private power companies did a century ago, several communications companies have sought to erect a wide range of legal, political, financial, and other barriers to the ability of communities to serve their own needs. This is true even in some rural areas that do not offer enough economic incentives for private investment. So, what should guide local governments as they navigate these highly complicated waters of high-capacity broadband?This report details the experiences of three municipalities that have gained attention around the world for successfully designing and implementing public broadband networks -- Bristol, Virginia; Lafayette, Louisiana; and Chattanooga, Tennessee. Each has faced significant challenges in its quests to bring 21st century communications technology and its benefits to its community. Each has met these challenges and is now providing its community multiple benefits that would not have been achievable any other way.

Telecommunications Infrastructure

Social Justice Documentary: Designing for Impact

September 30, 2011

Explores current methodologies for assessing social issue documentary films by combining strategic design and evaluation of multiplatform outreach and impact, including documentaries' role in network- and field-building. Includes six case studies.

Journalism, News, and Information

Global Report on the Status of Women in the News Media

March 23, 2011

Details findings about the representation of women in news media ownership, publishing governance, reporting, editing, photojournalism, and broadcast production, as well as the challenges they face in shaping news coverage by region and country.

Journalism, News, and Information

Spreading the Zing: Reimagining Public Media Through the Makers Quest 2.0

May 12, 2010

Evaluates outcomes of multi-platform, participatory public radio projects in the Makers Quest 2.0 contest as a model for how and which elements of a public media project's impact should be measured: reach, inclusion, engagement, influence, and zing.

Journalism, News, and Information

Next Generation Connectivity: A Review of Broadband Internet Transitions and Policy From Around the World

February 1, 2010

Fostering the development of a ubiquitously networked society, connected over high-capacity networks, is a widely shared goal among both developed and developing countries. High capacity networks are seen as strategic infrastructure, intended to contribute to high and sustainable economic growth and to core aspects of human development. In the pursuit of this goal, various countries have, over the past decade and a half, deployed different strategies, and enjoyed different results. At the Commission's request, this study reviews the current plans and practices pursued by other countries in the transition to the next generation of connectivity, as well as their past experience. By observing the experiences of a range of market-oriented democracies that pursued a similar goal over a similar time period, we hope to learn from the successes and failures of others about what practices and policies best promote that goal. By reviewing current plans or policy efforts, we hope to learn what others see as challenges in the next generation transition, and to learn about the range of possible solutions to these challenges.

Telecommunications Infrastructure

Untold Stories in South Africa: Creative Consequences of the Rights Clearance Culture for Documentary Filmmakers

December 7, 2009

Surveys how South African documentary filmmakers perceive copyright clearance requirements and how the "clearance culture" affects their work. Recommends developing best practices, a legal advice network, ethical use standards, and policy proposals.

Media Access and Policy; Media Platforms

Honest Truths: Documentary Filmmakers on Ethical Challenges in Their Work

September 8, 2009

Based on interviews, explores ethical challenges documentary filmmakers face in reconciling their responsibilities to subjects, viewers, and their artistic visions and production needs. Points out the lack of standards and support for ethical practices.

Journalism, News, and Information; Media Platforms

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